Cumberland The open cell spray foam insulation contains a density of 0.5lb. per cubic foot. The greater the density of the foam the heavier, or stronger it will become. This particular type of polyurethane foam is referred to as “Open Cell” because of the nature of the chemical reaction during the installation process. When the polyurethane foam is being applied the tiny cells of the foam are broken causing air to fill the “open” space inside the material, resulting in a soft or spongy material. The open cell foam carries an R-Value of 5 to 5.5 per inch (R-Value is the measure of thermal resistance, which can be found by identifying the ratio of the temperature difference across a spray foam insulator and the heat flux). 0.5lb. foam products use significantly less material than 2lb. foam products do when completing the same sized job, making them attractive to an individual concerned with conserving the foam material. Due to the fact that open cell foam requires less material, the cost of the project is much cheaper than it would be if you were to apply closed cell foam.
Can You Paint Slate Tiles?Although spray foam insulation as we know it today truly emerged in the 1980s, spray foam actually has its roots several decades further in the past, beginning with the development of polyurethane foam in the 1940s by Otto Bayer. Otto Bayer, an industrial chemist, actually began working with polyurethane in Germany during the late 1930s. This technology was brought to the United States in the early 1940s by David Eynon, the president of Mobay, a war effort conglomerate created from the partnering of two chemical industry giants, Monsanto and the Bayer Corporation. Although Otto Bayer worked for Bayer Corporation, he was not related to the company's founding family. During the 1940s, polyurethane polymers were used primarily in military and aviation applications. The production of war machines for the World War II conflict drove most of the applications of these high-grade plastic polymers for the duration of the war. It was not until the 1950s that polyurethane began to be used in home insulation. It was the invention of the "Blendometer" that allowed for expansion of polyurethane application to the home insulation realm. The Blendometer was the first machine able to mix components for the creation of polyurethane foam and was created by Walter Baughman in 1953. The Blendometer allowed for the strategic mixing of chemicals to create what Baughman called a plastic elastomer or an expanding foam. Liquid when applied, this plastic elastomer expanded into a thick foam and eventually hardened upon drying. Baughman's Blendometer was still a partially manual process, with humans tilting trays of chemicals to mix foam. While the machine did allow for the use of polyurethane in home insulation as well as in other home-related applications, like air conditioner insulation, it was still a technology in its infancy and one that made widespread use of polyurethane as a residential insulation material no less cumbersome. Polyurethane polymers were used in a variety of means throughout the following decades, with incredible advancements being made in the auto industry applications of the material in particular. However, it would be more than two decades before the foam would become widely used in home insulation processes. Building on Baughman's invention, the first dedicated spray technology machine was constructed in 1963 by Fred Gusmer. The 1960s and 1970s saw technological advancements which made spray foam's use in home insulation more easily achievable and affordable. It was also in the 1970s that the idea of the "super insulated" home emerged. Largely driven by the energy crisis of the 1970s, home builders and homeowners alike began to look for ways to improve the energy efficiency of homes. The crisis fueled advancements in technology that laid the foundation for modern spray foam applications. It was the development of advanced spray nozzle technology that allowed spray foam insulation to be used widely in home construction and improvement projects. The spray foam nozzle allows the foam mixture and the chemical responsible for its expansion capabilities to be separated until just prior to application. The spray foam mixture consists of several key components but it is the expansion chemical, isosynate, which is responsible for its easy application and expansive character. The application nozzle allows the foam mixture and the isosynate to be delivered to the nozzle through separate hoses, mixing only seconds before being sprayed. The spray foam arrives at its destination as a liquid but quickly expands into a foam substance and later dries into a hardened plastic upon curing. The 1980s and early 1990s saw a great deal of controversy within the spray foam insulation industry as different marketing schemes from various companies promoted the benefits of closed verses open foam insulation and as some companies tried to market water blown foam application processes. Though there has been much debate within the industry, R-value standards, used as a measure of determining energy efficiency, have cleared up much of the controversy. R-value ratings clearly define closed foam as the most effective means of making a home as energy efficient as possible. Closed cell spray foam has additionally been added to the list of building requirements for making homes in hurricane and earthquake zones more structurally sound. The improved stability of homes insulated with spray foam technology makes the use of spray foam a smart move for any homeowner regardless of geographic location.
How to Make a Spray Foam TreeOne of the most popular techniques being used in roof insulation and roof repair is the spray foam roofing system. This technology has been around for many years and has been growing in popularity because of the many outstanding benefits and advantages over other types of roofing applications. When it comes to the foam material being used, most roofing contractors recommend polyurethane foam. To give you an idea what polyurethane foam is, it is a combination of two liquid elements- an isocyanate and polyolresin. They undergo a process of mixing according to its specified ratio which is normally one-is-to-one. The technique is applied by professional applicators using a team of spray foam equipment like a proportioner, heated hoses, transfer pumps and spray gun. Polyurethane foam is very flexible and versatile and can be applied to any type of roofing system. When the liquid polyurethane foam is sprayed over the affected roofing area, it expands and solidifies in just a matter of seconds. What happens next is you see a seamless and durable protective layer. The succeeding procedure is the application of another protective coating like an elastomeric type of coating. That is how simple sprayed polyurethane foam or SPF roofing system is. However, it is risky to undertake this procedure yourself if the extent of roofing repair and insulation is a bit complex. Adequate training, proper technique and application, and years of experience are the credentials brought in by the team of professional roofing repair and insulation contractors. It is the quality of work which will determine if the spray foam roofing will give the desired effects. If it is only the labor cost component you are trying to save when you decide to make it a do-it yourself job, you have to evaluate the situation thoroughly. On the other hand, if the roofing problem is a simple one and you are confident that you can do the procedure yourself, then go ahead. Having the basic technical know-how and skills and the energy are enough to accomplish the job. When it comes to DIY spray foam insulation kits, there are many types available in the market. The most common and affordable are the spray cans. You can shop in your local hardware stores for sealants and foam sprays and the price range depends on the features of the kits. You may want to purchase a kit with a pressurized spray nozzle or spray gun with extra nozzle tips and foaming chemicals. Before you buy what you need, try to familiarize yourself with the best type of kit by learning the appropriate ingredients and other matters such as r-value and other resistance rating. As soon as you are able to buy your kit, the next step is to see to it that the area to be worked on is perfectly clean and free of any debris. Just follow the instruction guideline in the manner of spray technique. The actual schedule should be done when you believe that the weather won't be a problem. For an ideal application, you have to do the spray foam roofing at the right temperature. If your roofing needs an extensive protection and insulation, it is to your best interest to assign the work to the professionals. Do your homework as to which type of foam material you consider the best. If you choose the SPF system together with a reputable elastomeric brand of coating, all you need to do is to finalize a deal with a dependable roofing and thermal insulation contractor for a total project cost within your budget. The bottom line is your house will enjoy proper room temperature during hot or cold days, some sound and noise reduction, wind lift, flame and weather resistance. There are other benefits you will enjoy not limited to reduced energy bills. In effect, the project investment you make is a self-liquidating one. Because of lower energy consumption, you are also helping out in the government's energy security and environmental concerns. What is of prime importance is the big picture. Just visualize the peace of mind, comfort and enjoyment spray foam roofing will provide to your family for many years to come!
How to Remove Expanding Foam Residue With a SolventToday, more and more emphasis is being placed on having an energy-efficient home. More people are recognizing that resources are limited and each person needs to make an individual effort to reduce the amount of energy they use. Most residents in the United States live in areas where there are at least two distinct seasons. Winters are often cold and icy, and indoor heating is required for a comfortable living environment. In the summer months, temperatures can get very hot and many homes use air conditioning to keep the environment cool. Using heating or cooling systems takes up a huge amount of energy. You, therefore, want to make sure that the warm or cool air is being retained in your home. If not, a large amount of energy is being wasted. This is where insulation becomes important. How Good Insulation Improves the Energy Efficiency of Your Home Good insulation, especially in your roof, can make a huge difference in the energy efficiency of your home. It keeps the warm air circulating in your home which means that you do not need to use excess energy to keep heat in your home. You will never be able to insulate your home completely; in fact, it would be unhealthy to do so. You can, however, use good insulation to help slow the convection and reduction effect so you are not making your heating system work harder than it should be. This refers to the rate at which heat escapes from your home or the way in which the flow of hot air into your home during the summer months can greatly reduce the effectiveness of your cooling system. What Is the Measure of a Good Insulator? In the building and construction industry, an R-rating is used to rank the effectiveness of an insulating material. The rating looks at how well the insulator repels cold or heat, prevents the flow of air from one area to another, and how well it manages to retain an ambient temperature in a certain environment. When you compare the R-rating of spray foam against other types of insulators, you can start to see why it is considered to be such a great insulator. In terms of an R-ratting, most spray foams rate between 6 and 7.7. Open cell types of spray foam may have a rating as low as 4. Another typical type of insulator that is used in many homes in fiberglass matting. This has an R-rating of only 3.5. When compared to spray foam, you can see how even the lowest level of spray foam insulation is far more effective than fiberglass mats. Added Benefits of Using Spray Foam as an Insulator There can be little doubt that spray foam is a great insulator but is it really the best option for your home? What about the installation and the cost? Spray foam may initially seem to be a more expensive insulation option but you need to look at it from a long-term perspective. It is an incredibly durable substance. When applied properly, it can last for many years. It is also far more resistant to the buildup of moisture and mold, making your home a safer environment to live in. Spray foam will not break apart or wear down over time in the same way fiberglass mats do. Once applied, it will outlast most other forms of insulation. Spray foam can also help to strengthen walls and the structure of your home. It can be applied to small crawlspaces and hard-to-reach cracks. In this way, it can help keep insects and vermin out of your home. To apply spray foam to your home, there are a number of options available. You can choose an option that suits your budget and the time you have available to manage the project. If you are quite handy with DIY projects, you can buy a spray foam kit online. It comes will all the necessary components and safety gear and has easy-to-follow instructions. You can apply it yourself and save yourself some money if you have the time available to take on the project. If you are less confident in your ability to apply the spray foam yourself, then you can use the services of a professional contractor. They can be in and out of your home in a matter of hours or days, depending on the size of a project.