Wanamaker The open cell spray foam insulation contains a density of 0.5lb. per cubic foot. The greater the density of the foam the heavier, or stronger it will become. This particular type of polyurethane foam is referred to as “Open Cell” because of the nature of the chemical reaction during the installation process. When the polyurethane foam is being applied the tiny cells of the foam are broken causing air to fill the “open” space inside the material, resulting in a soft or spongy material. The open cell foam carries an R-Value of 5 to 5.5 per inch (R-Value is the measure of thermal resistance, which can be found by identifying the ratio of the temperature difference across a spray foam insulator and the heat flux). 0.5lb. foam products use significantly less material than 2lb. foam products do when completing the same sized job, making them attractive to an individual concerned with conserving the foam material. Due to the fact that open cell foam requires less material, the cost of the project is much cheaper than it would be if you were to apply closed cell foam.
How to Remove Expanding FoamIs polyurethane foam, in its sprayed form and as an insulator, actually environmentally friendly? What does 'green' and 'environmentally friendly' mean? All excellent questions, and all of them are not answerable in a word or two. Let's begin with defining the concept of environmentally friendly. According to the International Organization for Standardization (IOS) the term is too vague to be meaningful. The US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) agrees, but only to a point. The USEPA created the international Energy Star program in an attempt to provide the manufacturers of goods with a voluntary labeling system for promoting energy efficient products. In the 1990's when the program was started, it was only applied to appliances and electronics. However, today entire homes and home offices are able to gain Energy Star certification. The only criteria is the building must use 15% less energy than a standard home built to the 2004 International Residential Code. How does a home achieve that rating? The things at the top of the list for getting an Energy Star rating are not surprising: insulation, high performance windows, tight construction and ducting, energy efficient cooling and heating systems and Energy Star certified products (appliances, lighting, water heaters). Now, in reference to insulation specifically, its efficiency is measured according to R-value. An R-value is a mathematical calculation which produces the level of thermal resistance a building has. For the average North American home insulated with traditional fiberglass batts, R-value sits at between 3.1 and 4.3 per square inch. Blown in fiberglass insulation has a typical R-value between 2 and 4 per square inch. According to the US Department of Energy, the same home insulated with spray foam polyurethane insulation will have an R-value between 7 and 8 per square inch. Clearly a home insulated with spray foam would be well on its way to achieving an Energy Star rating, even without installing LED lighting and thermal windows. When a building is insulated with polyurethane foam, the costs of heating and cooling will undoubtedly be vastly reduced. Many spray foam manufacturers report that energy costs can be reduced by up to 40%; a claim that is both highly likely and easily attainable. With such a diminished use of energy, there is less demand for petroleum-based products and fossil fuels, resulting in a smaller carbon footprint being left on our planet. We are half way to answering our title question, is spray foam insulation really green? Now we know its immense potential for energy savings, but what about the manufacture of the foam itself? In the case of spray foam, the two substances that come together to produce the foam must remain separate until the time of application. Those two things are polyol (a naturally occurring alcohol) and diisocyanate (a group of organic compounds derived from plant and animal materials). When they are brought together with water, an exothermic reaction takes place producing the polyurethane foam. Although the foam is produced from organic substances, it does not breakdown over time - a good thing for insulation applications, but where does it go when it is no longer needed? When the intended use of the polyurethane foam has been completed, it can be re-purposed and recycled. For example, the Polyurethane Foam Association has pioneered a program in the US in which spray foam insulation and products meant for the landfill are collected and made into carpet foam underlay. The program is so successful that 80% of all carpet underlay used in the US is made from recycled polyurethane foam. The reduction in waste going to landfills is incredible! So, is spray foam insulation really 'green'? Yes, it is. Polyurethane foam is produced in an environmentally friendly way in that it is created from organic compounds using very little energy or water, prevents the excess use of fuel in heating and cooling homes and is entirely recyclable for other uses.
Fireproof Insulation Materials (with Pictures)Thermal Spray Foam Insulation is used in buildings, and refers to the application of thermal insulated materials, which are applied using various spraying methods, into a roof space or wall cavity to prevent heat loss. The application of this process is normally completed within two days. Thermal spray foam insulation does not particularly address ventilation or sound proofing issues. It simply refers to the insulating materials being used to slow heat loss. The effectiveness of it is usually evaluated by its R-value, but this does not take into account construction or local environment factors. Thermal spray foam insulation is easy to apply. Foam insulation is sprayed onto or into the underside of the roof within the attic/loft space, and dries to a rigid foam. Thermal spray foam insulation is an important factor to achieving thermal comfort for the buildings occupants, and thermal spray foam insulation reduces unwanted heat loss, and reduces the energy requirements of cooling and heating systems. Thermal spray foam insulation simply refers to the insulating materials being used to slow heat loss. One of the most effective types of insulation spray is polyurethane foam, which has been specifically formulated for use within the insulation industry. This type of foam is a very cost effective insulation material, and works in two ways by keeping the desired space or area warm in winter and cool in the summer. It can also help with the problems that arise from condensation, and is an ideal solution for ambient and cold storage. Polyurethane foam is easy to apply, lightweight in structure and can cover large areas quickly and efficiently, making it a very cost effective solution for many commercial requirements. The application of foam spray uses a rigid polyurethane foam which sprays to a fine cellular structure with high compressive strength and good adhesion and insulating qualities. Many of these foam spraying techniques and materials do not contain or use any CFCs. Thermal spray foam insulation will adhere to most structures and other materials such as fibre, sheet metal, cement, asbestos sheeting, concrete and steel. When sprayed it can expand to over thirty times it thickness. It is lightweight in structure, weighing only three kilos per square metre at a depth of fifty millimetres. (approx) Insulating a building with this method will help to keep it warm in the summer and cool in the winter, reducing temperature control costs and providing a dry and comfortable environment for staff and workforce, and controlled storage for stock and materials.
How to Upholster Bar StoolsSo what does it take to make spray foam and what would someone looking to be in the business need to make it happen? Well when it comes to the equipment required to produce the insulation there are four main components: The Machine (aka the proportioner) The Gun The Hose The Pumps Each of these pieces of equipment are crucial to the application of foam insulation. You must each of the following items in order to spray, there are no shortcuts. It is almost important to understand a little bit about what each of these pieces of equipment actually do. The Foam Machine The foam machine is without a doubt the most important part of the entire setup and consequently the most expensive. The purpose of the machine (also called the proportioner) is to heat and proportion the two components of the spray foam chemicals to an exact 1:1 volume and pass that along the heated hose. The Spray Foam Gun The gun is what is connected, via the heated hose to the machine, that takes the chemicals, keep separate until they reach the gun, and mixes them together and sprays them out onto the desired surface. The guns most often operate with approximately 100cfm of supplied air in order to properly spray the chemicals and create a good, even mix of the material. The Heated Hose The hose which is connected between the foam machine and the foam gun, is a two hose design that keeps the material, the A and B component, both separated and heated while it travels the desired length which is typically around 200ft, not to exceed 400ft. The hose is a necessary item because the large foam machine is often mounted into a mobile spray foam rig/trailer and then the hose is pulled into the house or building so the desire area can be sprayed.