Wynndale The open cell spray foam insulation contains a density of 0.5lb. per cubic foot. The greater the density of the foam the heavier, or stronger it will become. This particular type of polyurethane foam is referred to as “Open Cell” because of the nature of the chemical reaction during the installation process. When the polyurethane foam is being applied the tiny cells of the foam are broken causing air to fill the “open” space inside the material, resulting in a soft or spongy material. The open cell foam carries an R-Value of 5 to 5.5 per inch (R-Value is the measure of thermal resistance, which can be found by identifying the ratio of the temperature difference across a spray foam insulator and the heat flux). 0.5lb. foam products use significantly less material than 2lb. foam products do when completing the same sized job, making them attractive to an individual concerned with conserving the foam material. Due to the fact that open cell foam requires less material, the cost of the project is much cheaper than it would be if you were to apply closed cell foam.
How to Remove Expanding FoamSo what does it take to make spray foam and what would someone looking to be in the business need to make it happen? Well when it comes to the equipment required to produce the insulation there are four main components: The Machine (aka the proportioner) The Gun The Hose The Pumps Each of these pieces of equipment are crucial to the application of foam insulation. You must each of the following items in order to spray, there are no shortcuts. It is almost important to understand a little bit about what each of these pieces of equipment actually do. The Foam Machine The foam machine is without a doubt the most important part of the entire setup and consequently the most expensive. The purpose of the machine (also called the proportioner) is to heat and proportion the two components of the spray foam chemicals to an exact 1:1 volume and pass that along the heated hose. The Spray Foam Gun The gun is what is connected, via the heated hose to the machine, that takes the chemicals, keep separate until they reach the gun, and mixes them together and sprays them out onto the desired surface. The guns most often operate with approximately 100cfm of supplied air in order to properly spray the chemicals and create a good, even mix of the material. The Heated Hose The hose which is connected between the foam machine and the foam gun, is a two hose design that keeps the material, the A and B component, both separated and heated while it travels the desired length which is typically around 200ft, not to exceed 400ft. The hose is a necessary item because the large foam machine is often mounted into a mobile spray foam rig/trailer and then the hose is pulled into the house or building so the desire area can be sprayed.
How to Remove Spray Foam InsulationSpray Foam Insulation is a two-component system typically consisting of petroleum oils, plastics, and resins. The polyurethane foam comes in two different forms, open cell and closed cell foam. The polyurethane spray foam is an extremely versatile material that is available in a variety of final physical properties and densities. Although the two types of foam are very similar in their chemical structures their characteristics and capabilities differ in many ways, which makes it necessary for the user to understand the differences of the two materials so he or she can determine which is the right foam for their particular application. The open cell spray foam insulation contains a density of 0.5lb. per cubic foot. The greater the density of the foam the heavier, or stronger it will become. This particular type of polyurethane foam is referred to as "Open Cell" because of the nature of the chemical reaction during the installation process. When the polyurethane foam is being applied the tiny cells of the foam are broken causing air to fill the "open" space inside the material, resulting in a soft or spongy material. The open cell foam carries an R-Value of 5 to 5.5 per inch (R-Value is the measure of thermal resistance, which can be found by identifying the ratio of the temperature difference across an insulator and the heat flux). 0.5lb. foam products use significantly less material than 2lb. foam products do when completing the same sized job, making them attractive to an individual concerned with conserving the foam material. Due to the fact that open cell foam requires less material, the cost of the project is much cheaper than it would be if you were to apply closed cell foam. Although, Open cell foam is an efficient and economical product it contains some disadvantages in regards to closed cell foam. One of the open cells disadvantages is it has a lower R-Valuer per square inch than closed cell foam does and open cell foam is vapor permeable requiring it to be covered with a vapor retardant material. Although, open cell foam has some advantages and disadvantages it has been recognized as an excellent insulator, air sealant and sound barrier. The second type of polyurethane foam is referred to as "closed-cell" or "2 lb foam". The closed cell foam gets its name from its individual chemical reaction. During the installation process the tiny cells that are created during the chemical reaction are not broken and are packed together. These little cells are filled with gas allowing the material to rise and become an excellent insulator. As mentioned earlier the higher the foams density the heavier, or stronger the foam will become. This type of foam carries a density strong enough to improve the structural integrity of the building it is applied to. Due to the higher density of this material it requires the use of more material resulting in a higher project cost. Some advantages of this foam includes its higher R-Value per square inch compared to open cell foam also, this foam is vapor resistant cutting out the additional cost of the vapor retardant material that open cell foam requires and it has the ability to improve the structural integrity of the building it is applied to. One major disadvantage is the products exceptionally high cost. The closed-cell foam commonly carries the highest R-value of any insulation material on the market at a value of 7.5 per inch. There are many things a home or building owner should take into consideration when considering the type of foam that should be used for their particular application. Although both types of foam are by far the best insulators on the market, each type of polyurethane foam possess its own characteristics and capabilities. It is imperative for the user to identify which foam is right for them before applying the product.
How to Upholster Bar StoolsIf you are in the process of building a new home or renovating your existing home then finding the ideal insulation is one of the decisions that you will have to make. There are several options available to you. Some products are more affordable in the short term but don't always provide the best long-term insulation solution. Other products may be more expensive to purchase but can save you hundreds of dollars on your utility bills over time. It is useful to compare and understand the different types of insulation so you can make an informed decision that will benefit you in the long run. What Is Spray Foam Insulation? Spray foam is a product that has been around for some time. It is one of the more efficient home insulators and available in a variety of types to suit different applications. It is made up of at least two compounds. Independently, the components can be stored for a relatively long period of time; however, when the compounds are mixed, they react and form foam that needs to be applied immediately. The foam is sprayed on to a surface area and after a short period of time, it sets and hardens. The result is an effective insulating layer that is highly durable. How Does Spray Foam Compare to Other Types of Insulation? Insulation is rated in terms of an R-value. The higher the R-value, the higher the density of the insulator and therefore the higher its effectiveness. It is considered a good insulator because of its comparatively high R-value. Open cell spray foam which has the lowest density has an R-value of 4. Most other types of spray foam have an R-value between 6 and 7.7. Compare this to fiberglass batting which is another common form of insulation that only has an R-value of 3.5. Comparatively speaking, it therefore has an average R-value that is almost double that of fiberglass batting. Another benefit of spray foam is that the application process is much easier. It can be applied to most surfaces regardless of whether they are horizontal or vertical. In all instances the foam can simply be sprayed onto the area that needs to be insulated. There is no measuring and cutting of mats or the need to overlap insulation. It is easy to apply in a uniform manner. It is also generally more durable than other forms of insulation. It does not wear down as easily and therefore protects and insulates your home for a much longer period of time before needing to be replaced. What Makes Spray Foam So Efficient as an Insulator? One of the properties of spray foam is that as it is applied to a surface area, it continues to expand. This means that the foam can get into cracks and crevasses and provide an airtight and watertight seal. It also hardens in a relatively short period of time which means that the application process can be completed in a relatively short space of time. Compared to other types of insulators, its high density is perhaps its most important characteristic. It keeps cold air out and warm air in during the winter months and helps to effectively insulate your home. How Else Does Spray Foam Protect Your Home? Certain types of spray foam have microbial agents as components. These microbial agents help prevent the growth of mold in your home. If you live in a region that has consistently high levels of humidity then your home can be susceptible to mold infestations. Often mold goes unseen and undetected until it is quite severe. This can affect the health of your family. Having an insulator that prevents mold growth can provide a healthier home environment. Spray foam is highly durable. It also can form a protective barrier in your home against vermin and insects. Rather than having to call exterminators, you can pre-empt the problem by insulating your home with this product.