In Indianapols spray foam insulation contains a density of 0.5lb. per cubic foot. The greater the density of the foam the heavier, or stronger it will become. This particular type of polyurethane foam is referred to as “Open Cell” because of the nature of the chemical reaction during the installation process. When the polyurethane foam is being applied the tiny cells of the foam are broken causing air to fill the “open” space inside the material, resulting in a soft or spongy material. The open cell foam carries an R-Value of 5 to 5.5 per inch (R-Value is the measure of thermal resistance, which can be found by identifying the ratio of the temperature difference across a Indianapolis spray foam insulator and the heat flux). 0.5lb. foam products use significantly less material than 2lb. foam products do when completing the same sized job, making them attractive to an individual concerned with conserving the foam material. Due to the fact that open cell foam requires less material, the cost of the project is much cheaper than it would be if you were to apply closed cell foam.
How to Remove Spray Foam InsulationIs polyurethane foam, in its sprayed form and as an insulator, actually environmentally friendly? What does 'green' and 'environmentally friendly' mean? All excellent questions, and all of them are not answerable in a word or two. Let's begin with defining the concept of environmentally friendly. According to the International Organization for Standardization (IOS) the term is too vague to be meaningful. The US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) agrees, but only to a point. The USEPA created the international Energy Star program in an attempt to provide the manufacturers of goods with a voluntary labeling system for promoting energy efficient products. In the 1990's when the program was started, it was only applied to appliances and electronics. However, today entire homes and home offices are able to gain Energy Star certification. The only criteria is the building must use 15% less energy than a standard home built to the 2004 International Residential Code. How does a home achieve that rating? The things at the top of the list for getting an Energy Star rating are not surprising: insulation, high performance windows, tight construction and ducting, energy efficient cooling and heating systems and Energy Star certified products (appliances, lighting, water heaters). Now, in reference to insulation specifically, its efficiency is measured according to R-value. An R-value is a mathematical calculation which produces the level of thermal resistance a building has. For the average North American home insulated with traditional fiberglass batts, R-value sits at between 3.1 and 4.3 per square inch. Blown in fiberglass insulation has a typical R-value between 2 and 4 per square inch. According to the US Department of Energy, the same home insulated with spray foam polyurethane insulation will have an R-value between 7 and 8 per square inch. Clearly a home insulated with spray foam would be well on its way to achieving an Energy Star rating, even without installing LED lighting and thermal windows. When a building is insulated with polyurethane foam, the costs of heating and cooling will undoubtedly be vastly reduced. Many spray foam manufacturers report that energy costs can be reduced by up to 40%; a claim that is both highly likely and easily attainable. With such a diminished use of energy, there is less demand for petroleum-based products and fossil fuels, resulting in a smaller carbon footprint being left on our planet. We are half way to answering our title question, is spray foam insulation really green? Now we know its immense potential for energy savings, but what about the manufacture of the foam itself? In the case of spray foam, the two substances that come together to produce the foam must remain separate until the time of application. Those two things are polyol (a naturally occurring alcohol) and diisocyanate (a group of organic compounds derived from plant and animal materials). When they are brought together with water, an exothermic reaction takes place producing the polyurethane foam. Although the foam is produced from organic substances, it does not breakdown over time - a good thing for insulation applications, but where does it go when it is no longer needed? When the intended use of the polyurethane foam has been completed, it can be re-purposed and recycled. For example, the Polyurethane Foam Association has pioneered a program in the US in which spray foam insulation and products meant for the landfill are collected and made into carpet foam underlay. The program is so successful that 80% of all carpet underlay used in the US is made from recycled polyurethane foam. The reduction in waste going to landfills is incredible! So, is spray foam insulation really 'green'? Yes, it is. Polyurethane foam is produced in an environmentally friendly way in that it is created from organic compounds using very little energy or water, prevents the excess use of fuel in heating and cooling homes and is entirely recyclable for other uses.
Can You Paint Slate Tiles?If you are in the process of building a new home or renovating your existing home then finding the ideal insulation is one of the decisions that you will have to make. There are several options available to you. Some products are more affordable in the short term but don't always provide the best long-term insulation solution. Other products may be more expensive to purchase but can save you hundreds of dollars on your utility bills over time. It is useful to compare and understand the different types of insulation so you can make an informed decision that will benefit you in the long run. What Is Spray Foam Insulation? Spray foam is a product that has been around for some time. It is one of the more efficient home insulators and available in a variety of types to suit different applications. It is made up of at least two compounds. Independently, the components can be stored for a relatively long period of time; however, when the compounds are mixed, they react and form foam that needs to be applied immediately. The foam is sprayed on to a surface area and after a short period of time, it sets and hardens. The result is an effective insulating layer that is highly durable. How Does Spray Foam Compare to Other Types of Insulation? Insulation is rated in terms of an R-value. The higher the R-value, the higher the density of the insulator and therefore the higher its effectiveness. It is considered a good insulator because of its comparatively high R-value. Open cell spray foam which has the lowest density has an R-value of 4. Most other types of spray foam have an R-value between 6 and 7.7. Compare this to fiberglass batting which is another common form of insulation that only has an R-value of 3.5. Comparatively speaking, it therefore has an average R-value that is almost double that of fiberglass batting. Another benefit of spray foam is that the application process is much easier. It can be applied to most surfaces regardless of whether they are horizontal or vertical. In all instances the foam can simply be sprayed onto the area that needs to be insulated. There is no measuring and cutting of mats or the need to overlap insulation. It is easy to apply in a uniform manner. It is also generally more durable than other forms of insulation. It does not wear down as easily and therefore protects and insulates your home for a much longer period of time before needing to be replaced. What Makes Spray Foam So Efficient as an Insulator? One of the properties of spray foam is that as it is applied to a surface area, it continues to expand. This means that the foam can get into cracks and crevasses and provide an airtight and watertight seal. It also hardens in a relatively short period of time which means that the application process can be completed in a relatively short space of time. Compared to other types of insulators, its high density is perhaps its most important characteristic. It keeps cold air out and warm air in during the winter months and helps to effectively insulate your home. How Else Does Spray Foam Protect Your Home? Certain types of spray foam have microbial agents as components. These microbial agents help prevent the growth of mold in your home. If you live in a region that has consistently high levels of humidity then your home can be susceptible to mold infestations. Often mold goes unseen and undetected until it is quite severe. This can affect the health of your family. Having an insulator that prevents mold growth can provide a healthier home environment. Spray foam is highly durable. It also can form a protective barrier in your home against vermin and insects. Rather than having to call exterminators, you can pre-empt the problem by insulating your home with this product.
How to Upholster Bar StoolsIf you're planning to purchase new spray foam insulation then it might help you to understand certain information about the product. Spray foam insulation is one of the latest options for you that are available today when we talk about home insulation. It is basically easier to use, because of this many people prefer to use the spray foam insulation and it also comes with long term savings advantage for you. When you think about your home and building it, insulation is one of the necessities that are on top most of the time. But insulation planning is not as easy as buying an appliance. You have tons of things to note about certain facts and information you have to consider which may give you a hard time; which is why being well informed about the product will offer some advantage so that you won't be making any wrong decisions. So what is spray foam insulation? It is a synthetic material that is created from a combination of organic and inorganic materials with chemicals that are combined together. A combination of an organic resin polysol and isocyonate is a type of material that is created in a specific temperature and pressure conditions to produce a polyurethane material through a chemical reaction. These organic materials have a unique way of expanding itself to create a larger size to about 100 times it original volume. Just like simple foam. This foam will become stiff and eventually harden after you apply it to all the spaces in which it is sprayed on and this will create a thermal cover. This is an effective way of creating a barrier that provides insulation to the walls of your home. This in turn will create air flow obstruction to the spray foam insulation that was applied in wall cavities, concrete gaps, sheathing interior and dry walls. This insulation takes up mold which prevents this condition from happening inside your home; this saves you from all the hassles of changing your walls many times. This can also strengthen the foundation of your home which is a practical way of creating a sturdy home. But the best feature of this product is its ability to insulate the house during extreme seasons such as the winter and in the summer. This is the reason why most of the people prefer spray foam insulation as an added feature to their home. The R-value represents the thermal resistance of the material. So the more resistant the material, the higher the R-value is, the more insulated your home is, which is the main essential function of this product. This saves the energy consumption at home. It lessens the consumption of heaters during winter and air conditioners during summers. However, this product has some safety and environmental health concerns such as the toxicity of these materials to those people who are directly exposed to them. But if careful installation is done and limitation of environment exposure is observed, this product is safe for insulation. So how much will the spray foam insulation cost you? Before you think about the amount of money you are going to invest in these materials, determine first the area of your house you want to be insulated. This give you an overview of the budget for the total spay foam insulation cost. These materials cost about $13,000 - $15,000 to insulate a standard home. This is more than half the cost to install other types of insulation materials like the fiber glass insulation. Be reminded that the price of labor in installing these insulators cost more than the insulator material itself since you need to depend on professionals in installing the spray foam insulator.